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Xenon
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Xenon
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Xe
Xenon

Physical Properties

Under solid (grey), liquid (blue) and vapor states (white) along the equilibrium curves

  • General properties
  • Solid phase
  • Liquid Phase
  • Gas Phase
(P)
log(P)
Download
  • Molecular weight
    131.29
    g/mol
  • Content in air
    8.7E-2
    ppm
    8.7E-2 ppm 8.7E-6 vol/% 8.7E-8 vol/vol

Critical Point

  • Temperature
    16.59
    °C
    61.862 °F 289.74 K
  • Pressure
    58.42
    bar
    5.842E6 pa 847.3101 lbf/in2 57.6561 Atm 5842 Kpa 4.3819E4 mmHg
  • Density
    1102.9
    kg/m³
    68.8516 lb/ft³

Triple Point

  • Temperature
    - 111.75
    °C
    - 169.15 °F 161.4 K
  • Pressure
    8.17E-1
    bar
    8.17E4 pa 11.8496 lbf/in2 8.0632E-1 Atm 81.7 Kpa 612.8021 mmHg
Pressure 1.013 bar
  • Melting point
    - 111.79
    °C
    - 169.222 °F 161.36 K
  • Latent heat of fusion (at melting point)
    17.48
    kJ/kg
    7.5201 Btu/lb 4.1778 kcal/kg
  • Solid density
    /
Pressure 1.013 bar
  • Liquid density
    2942
    kg/m³
    183.6626 lb/ft³
  • Boiling point
    - 108.1
    °C
    - 162.58 °F 165.05 K
  • Latent heat of vaporization (at boiling point)
    95.587
    kJ/kg
    41.1226 Btu/lb 22.8458 kcal/kg
Pressure1.013barTemperature
  • Compressibility factor Z
    9.9316E-1
    9.9415E-1
    9.9471E-1
  • Cp/Cv ratio γ
    1.6797
    1.6782
    1.6773
  • Dynamic viscosity
    2.1216E-4
    Po
    21.216 µPa.s 2.1216E-5 PA.S 1.4257E-5 lb/ft/s
    2.2278E-4
    Po
    22.278 µPa.s 2.2278E-5 PA.S 1.497E-5 lb/ft/s
    2.2985E-4
    Po
    22.985 µPa.s 2.2985E-5 PA.S 1.5445E-5 lb/ft/s
  • Gas density at boiling point
    10.008
    kg/m³
    6.2478E-1 lb/ft³
    10.008
    kg/m³
    6.2478E-1 lb/ft³
    10.008
    kg/m³
    6.2478E-1 lb/ft³
  • Gas density
    5.8965
    kg/m³
    3.6811E-1 lb/ft³
    5.584
    kg/m³
    3.486E-1 lb/ft³
    5.3937
    kg/m³
    3.3672E-1 lb/ft³
  • Heat capacity at constant pressure Cp
    1.6067E-1
    kJ/(kg.K)
    3.84E-2 BTU/lb∙°F 160.667 J/kg∙K 3.84E-2 kcal/kg∙K
    1.6029E-1
    kJ/(kg.K)
    3.8311E-2 BTU/lb∙°F 160.294 J/kg∙K 3.8311E-2 kcal/kg∙K
    1.6009E-1
    kJ/(kg.K)
    3.8262E-2 BTU/lb∙°F 160.088 J/kg∙K 3.8262E-2 kcal/kg∙K
  • Heat capacity at constant volume Cv
    9.5651E-2
    kJ/(kg.K)
    2.2861E-2 BTU/lb∙°F 95.651 J/kg∙K 2.2861E-2 kcal/kg∙K
    9.5514E-2
    kJ/(kg.K)
    2.2828E-2 BTU/lb∙°F 95.514 J/kg∙K 2.2828E-2 kcal/kg∙K
    9.5445E-2
    kJ/(kg.K)
    2.2812E-2 BTU/lb∙°F 95.445 J/kg∙K 2.2812E-2 kcal/kg∙K
  • Liquid (at boiling point)/gas equivalent
    498.94
    mol/mol
    526.86
    mol/mol
    545.45
    mol/mol
  • Solubility in water
    /
    1.0519E-4
    mol/mol
    7.89E-5
    mol/mol
  • Specific gravity
    4.56
    4.56
    4.56
  • Specific volume
    1.696E-1
    m³/kg
    2.7167 ft³/lb
    1.791E-1
    m³/kg
    2.8689 ft³/lb
    1.854E-1
    m³/kg
    2.9698 ft³/lb
  • Thermal conductivity
    5.107
    mW/m∙K
    2.9527E-3 Btu/ft/h/°F 4.3942E-2 cal/hour∙cm∙°C 1.2206E-5 cal/s∙cm∙°C 5.107E-3 W/(m∙K)
    5.365
    mW/m∙K
    3.1019E-3 Btu/ft/h/°F 4.6162E-2 cal/hour∙cm∙°C 1.2823E-5 cal/s∙cm∙°C 5.365E-3 W/(m∙K)
    5.535
    mW/m∙K
    3.2002E-3 Btu/ft/h/°F 4.7624E-2 cal/hour∙cm∙°C 1.3229E-5 cal/s∙cm∙°C 5.535E-3 W/(m∙K)
  • Vapor pressure
    41.3755
    bar
    4.1376E6 pa 600.1007 lbf/in2 40.8344 Atm 4137.55 Kpa 3.1034E4 mmHg
    56.5688
    bar
    5.6569E6 pa 820.4608 lbf/in2 55.8291 Atm 5656.88 Kpa 4.243E4 mmHg
    56.5688
    bar
    5.6569E6 pa 820.4608 lbf/in2 55.8291 Atm 5656.88 Kpa 4.243E4 mmHg
Xe
Xenon

Liquid / Gas Volumes

Calculate a liquid or gas volume or a mass

Liquid Phase

At boiling point at 1.013 bar

m3(Volume)
kg(Mass)

Gas Phase

at 1.013 bar and boiling point

m3(Volume)
kg(Mass)
Xe
Xenon

Applications

Examples of uses of this molecule in Industry and Healthcare

Electronic components

Xenon is used in plasma display production for television flat screens. Combined with reactive gases, xenon enhances the material etching properties.

Electronic components

Glass

Xenon is used to fill halogen sealed-beam headlights.

Glass

Laboratories & Research Centers

Xenon is used in high energy particle physics research.

Laboratories & Research Centers

Space

Xenon high propulsive capacity is used to position satellites with ion motors.

Space

Hospital care

Drug: xenon is used as a general anesthetic agent for adults population.

Hospital care

Photonics

Xenon increases brightness and working life of bulbs. Xenon is used to fill in incandescent lamps (automobiles and aviation) and photographic flash bulbs. It is also used to produce high intensity light sources operating in the ultraviolet range. Xenon is used to produce wavelengths varying as a function of operating conditions for halogens in "excimer" lasers.

Photonics
Xe
Xenon

Safety

Information to safely use this molecule

  • Major hazards
  • Material compatibility
  • GHS04
    Gas under pressure

Odor

none

Metals

  • Aluminium
    Satisfactory
  • Brass
    Satisfactory
  • Monel
    Satisfactory
  • Copper
    Satisfactory
  • Ferritic Steel
    Satisfactory
  • Stainless steel
    Satisfactory
  • Zinc
    Satisfactory
  • Titanium
    no data

Plastics

  • Polytetrafluoroethylene
    Satisfactory
  • Polychlorotrifluoroethylene
    Satisfactory
  • Polyvinylidene fluoride
    Satisfactory
  • Polyvinyl chloride
    Satisfactory
  • Ethylene tetrafluoroethylene
    Satisfactory
  • Polycarbonate
    Satisfactory
  • Polyamide
    Satisfactory
  • Polypropylene
    Satisfactory

Elastomers

  • Buthyl (isobutene- isoprene) rubber
    Satisfactory
  • Nitrile rubber
    Satisfactory
  • Chloroprene
    Satisfactory
  • Chlorofluorocarbons
    Satisfactory
  • Silicon
    Satisfactory
  • Perfluoroelastomers
    Satisfactory
  • Fluoroelastomers
    Satisfactory
  • Nitrile rubber
    Satisfactory
  • Neoprene
    Satisfactory
  • Polyurethane
    Satisfactory
  • Ethylene-Propylene
    Satisfactory

Lubricants

  • Hydrocarbon based lubricant
    Satisfactory
  • Fluorocarbon based lubricant
    Satisfactory

Materials compatibility

Recommendations : Air Liquide has gathered data on the compatibility of gases with materials to assist you in evaluating which materials to use for a gas system. Although the information has been compiled from what Air Liquide believes are reliable sources (International Standards: Compatibility of cylinder and valve materials with gas content; Part 1- Metallic materials: ISO11114-1 (March 2012), Part 2 - Non-metallic materials: ISO11114-2 (April 2013), it must be used with extreme caution and engineering judgement. No raw data such as these can cover all conditions of concentration, temperature, humidity, impurities and aeration. It is therefore recommended that this table is only used to identify possible materials for applications at high pressure and ambient temperature. Extensive investigation and testing under the specific conditions of use need to be carried out to validate a material selection for a given application. Contact the regional Air Liquide team for expertise service.

Xe
Xenon

Learn More

General information

More information

Xenon was discovered in 1898 by Sir William Ramsay and Moris William Travers. Its name comes from the Greek word "ξένον" (xenon), neutral singular form of "ξένος" (xenos), meaning "foreign", "strange" or "host". Neon, krypton and xenon are known as "rare" gases, since combined they only account for one thousandth of the air which surrounds us. These gases are colorless and tasteless. They are so inert that they do not react and can only be combined with other chemical substances with great difficulty. Their extreme inertness makes them very valuable for certain applications.