Under solid (grey), liquid (blue) and vapor states (white) along the equilibrium curves
Calculate a liquid or gas volume or a mass
At boiling point at 1.013 bar
in standard conditions (1,013 bar, 15°C)
Examples of uses of this molecule in Industry and Healthcare
Air is used as oxygen source for the synthesis of many organic compounds, such as acrylonitrile and acrylic acid from propylene. Those two compounds are used for the production of plastics.Chemicals
Drug: air is used to supply air delivery for the ventilation of patients.Hospital care
Pure air is used to calibrate and run environmental emission monitoring equipement, industrial hygiene monitors and trace impurity analyzers. It is used as a balance gas for many calibration mixtures. Air is also used as combustion oxidizer for gas chromatograph flame ionization detectors and atomic absorption spectrometers.Laboratories & Research Centers
Hot air is blown into blast furnaces for the production of liquid metal from iron oxides.Metal
Air is used as oxidizing compound in Claus process to convert sulfur into sulfur dioxide. Compressed air is widely used as an energy for various equipment and instrumentation.Oil & Gas
Information to safely use this molecule
Recommendations : Air Liquide has gathered data on the compatibility of gases with materials to assist you in evaluating which materials to use for a gas system. Although the information has been compiled from what Air Liquide believes are reliable sources (International Standards: Compatibility of cylinder and valve materials with gas content; Part 1- Metallic materials: ISO11114-1 (March 2012), Part 2 - Non-metallic materials: ISO11114-2 (April 2013), it must be used with extreme caution and engineering judgement. No raw data such as these can cover all conditions of concentration, temperature, humidity, impurities and aeration. It is therefore recommended that this table is only used to identify possible materials for applications at high pressure and ambient temperature. Extensive investigation and testing under the specific conditions of use need to be carried out to validate a material selection for a given application. Contact the regional Air Liquide team for expertise service.
The initial measurements of the constituents of air, with the exception of argon, were improved and summarized in the early 1800s by John Dalton. Earth's atmosphere is 78.09 % nitrogen, 20.94 % oxygen, 0.93 % argon, and 0.04 % carbon dioxide with very small percentages of other elements (neon, helium, krypton, methane, hydrogen, xenon and radon).