Under solid (grey), liquid (blue) and vapor states (white) along the equilibrium curves
Calculate a liquid or gas volume or a mass
At boiling point at 1.013 bar
at 1.013 bar and boiling point
Examples of uses of this molecule in Industry and Healthcare
In the electronics industry, deuterium is used in substitution to hydrogen in the anneal and sinter of semiconductors, flat screens and solar panels with silicium base.Electronic components
Deuterium is used in nuclear fusion reactions.
Deuterium is used to prepare deuterated compounds in chemistry and biochemistry. These tracer molecules allow to study reaction rates and mechanisms of the reaction.Pharma & Biotech
Information to safely use this molecule
Europe (according to EN1839 for Limits and EN 14522 for autoignition temperature)
US (according to NFPA for Limits and ASTM E659 for autoignition temperature)
Recommendations : Air Liquide has gathered data on the compatibility of gases with materials to assist you in evaluating which materials to use for a gas system. Although the information has been compiled from what Air Liquide believes are reliable sources (International Standards: Compatibility of cylinder and valve materials with gas content; Part 1- Metallic materials: ISO11114-1 (March 2012), Part 2 - Non-metallic materials: ISO11114-2 (April 2013), it must be used with extreme caution and engineering judgement. No raw data such as these can cover all conditions of concentration, temperature, humidity, impurities and aeration. It is therefore recommended that this table is only used to identify possible materials for applications at high pressure and ambient temperature. Extensive investigation and testing under the specific conditions of use need to be carried out to validate a material selection for a given application. Contact the regional Air Liquide team for expertise service.
Deuterium was discovered spectroscopically in 1931 by Harold Clayton Urey, which earned him the Nobel Prize in chemistry in 1934. Deuterium, or “heavy hydrogen”, is the isotope of hydrogen of atomic weight 2.