- CAS Number 7440-37-1
- UN1006 (gas)
- UN1951 (refrigerated liquid)
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Liquid / Gas Volumes
Calculate a liquid or gas volume or a mass
At boiling point at 1.013 bar
In standard conditions (1,013 bar, 15°C)
Molecule phase diagram showing the transition phases between solid, liquid and gas as a function of temperature and pressure
- Molecular weight 39.948 g/mol
- Content in dry air 9340.00 ppm
- Temperature -122.29 °C
- Pressure 48.98 bar
- Density 535.57 kg/m³
- Temperature -189.34 °C
- Pressure 6.87E-1 bar
Pressure 1.013 bar
|Latent heat of fusion (at melting point)||29.588 kJ/kg|
|Melting point||- 189.37 °C|
Pressure 1.013 bar
|Boiling point||- 185.85 °C|
|Latent heat of vaporization (at boiling point)||161.14 kJ/kg|
|Liquid density (at boiling point)||1395.4 kg/m3|
|Compressibility factor Z||9.9906E-1|
|Cp/Cv ratio γ||1.6702|
|Gas density (at boiling point)||5.772 kg/m3|
|Gas density||1.7835 kg/m3|
|Gas/(liquid at boiling point) equivalent||782 vol/vol|
|Heat capacity Cp||5.2185E-1 kJ/(kg.K)|
|Heat capacity Cv||3.1243E-1 kJ/(kg.K)|
|Specific volume||5.607E-1 m3/kg|
|Thermal conductivity||16.483 mW/(m.K)|
|Compressibility factor Z||9.9925E-1|
|Cp/Cv ratio γ||1.6698|
|Gas density||1.6903 kg/m3|
|Gas/(liquid at boiling point) equivalent||825.53 vol/vol|
|Heat capacity Cp||5.2165E-1 kJ/(kg.K)|
|Heat capacity Cv||3.1241E-1 kJ/(kg.K)|
|Solubility in water||3.025E-5 mol/mol|
|Specific volume||5.916E-1 m3/kg|
|Thermal conductivity||17.245 mW/(m.K)|
|Compressibility factor Z||9.9937E-1|
|Cp/Cv ratio γ||1.6696|
|Gas density||1.6335 kg/m3|
|Gas/(liquid at boiling point) equivalent||854.24 vol/vol|
|Heat capacity Cp||5.2155E-1 kJ/(kg.K)|
|Heat capacity Cv||3.1238E-1 kJ/(kg.K)|
|Solubility in water||2.519E-5 mol/mol|
|Specific volume||6.122E-1 m3/kg|
|Thermal conductivity||17.746 mW/(m.K)|
Examples of uses of this molecule in Industry and Healthcare
Argon is used during welding and heat treatment operations as well as a protective atmosphere.
Argon is used pure or in mixtures for arc, plasma and laser welding. Argon protects welds against air as well as reduces fume emissions for most arc welding processes. Argon is used to inflate car airbags.
Argon is used to inert wine to prevent oxidation during winemaking.
Argon is used in plasma etching processes. Argon is used in PVD processes (Physical Vapor Deposition). It is also used for Silicon ingot crystal pulling.
Argon allows to extend food shelf life with modified atmosphere.
Argon avoids corrosion of the tungsten filament in light bulb and consequently blackening of the bulb by atmosphere inerting. Argon is used to increase thermal isolation performance of double glazing windows.
Liquid argon is used in surgery
Laboratories & Research Centers
Argon is used for analysis in research laboratories and quality control for industry and healthcare: plasma gas for plasma emission spectrometry, blanket gas in graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry, carrier gas in gas chromatography for various detectors. In mixture with methane, argon is used in Geiger counter and in X-ray fluorescence detector as quenching gas.
Argon is used to protect liquid metal from reactions with compounds present in ambient air, such as oxygen. It is also used for the same reasons in many welding processes.
Argon is used for stirring and inerting purposes in steelmaking and during the Argon Oxygen Decarburisation (AOD) operation for stainless steel.
Safety & Compatibility
Gas under pressure
|Buthyl (isobutene- isoprene) rubber||Satisfactory|
|Nitrile rubber NBR||Satisfactory|
|Hydrocarbon based lubricant||Satisfactory|
|Fluorocarbon based lubricant||Satisfactory|
Recommendations : Air Liquide has gathered data on the compatibility of gases with materials to assist you in evaluating which materials to use for a gas system. Although the information has been compiled from what Air Liquide believes are reliable sources (International Standards: Compatibility of cylinder and valve materials with gas content; Part 1- Metallic materials: ISO11114-1 (March 2012), Part 2 - Non-metallic materials: ISO11114-2 (April 2013), it must be used with extreme caution and engineering judgement. No raw data such as these can cover all conditions of concentration, temperature, humidity, impurities and aeration. It is therefore recommended that this table is only used to identify possible materials for applications at high pressure and ambient temperature. Extensive investigation and testing under the specific conditions of use need to be carried out to validate a material selection for a given application. Contact the regional Air Liquide team for expertise service.
Argon was discovered in 1894 by Sir William Ramsay and Lord John Rayleigh. The name argon comes from the Greek "αργόν" (argos) meaning "the lazy one" in reference to its chemical inactivity. Argon exists only in the atmosphere. Air contains about 0.9 % of argon, a neutral and colorless gas. Argon is highly used in industrial applications due to its high level of chemical inertness. Argon is produced through air cryogenic distillation.